Dining Reference

We have put together a collection of Dining Reference (from Spanish to English) to help you guide you to a better gastronomic experience. If correction needs to be made, please let us know! Thanks, and enjoy!

Meat Related > Seafood Related > Veg, Fruits Ect…


A punto– Medium well-done

Alas de pollo– Chicken wing

Albóndigas– Meatballs

Aves– Poultry

Azul– Blue center steak

Babilla– Flank

Bien hecho– Well-done

Bistec– Beefsteak

Buey– Beef or oxen

Butifarra– A mild pork sausage

Caballo– Horse meat

Cabrito– Baby goat

Caldereta– Stew

Caldo or caldico– Broth

Callos– Tripe, intestines

Capon– Chicken

Carne De Buey– Ox meat

Carne de Res– Beef

Carne de salchicha– Sausage meat

Carne De Ternera– Veal (6 months+)

Carne De Vaca– Beef

Carne En Salsa– Meat in Tomato Sauce

Carne Molida– Ground beef

Carne picada– Minced meat

Carne– Meat

Casqueria– Variety meats

Cazón– Dogfish, shark

Cecina– Dry-cured beef

Cerdo– Pork

Chistorra– Navarran chorizo

Chorizo– The signature Spanish sausage

Choto– Baby goat

Chuleta– Veal T-bone chop, normally grilled

Chuletilla– Small rib chops, typically from lamb

Chuletón– Large T-bone steak

Churrasco– Grilled ribs, beef or pork

Ciervo– Venison

Cochinillo– Suckling Pig

Codorniz– Quail

Cola de Buey– Oxtail

Conejo– Rabbit

Cordero– Lamb

Cordero Lechal– Spring Lamb

Costillas– Spare ribs

Dehuesado– Boned

Embutidos– A generic term for sausage meats, whether cured, cooked, or fresh.

Entrecot– Sirloin steak

Escalope– Fillet of steak covered with breadcrumbs

Faisan– Pheasant

Filet– Small steak

Foie gras– Goose liver paté

Gallina– Hen

Gaza– Game, game dishes

Hamburguesa– Hamburger

Hecho– Well done steak

Higado– Liver

Hueso/espina– Bone

Jabali– Wild boar

Jamón– Ham

Jamon de York– Mild, cured and cooked ham.

Jamón iberico– The best & priciest cured ham

Jamon iberico de bellota– Dry cured ham from free range black hoofed Cerdo Ibérico pigs.

Jamon serrano– Dry cured mountain ham, similar to prosciutto

Jamón York– Boiled ham

Lengua– Tongue

Liebre– Hare

Lomo– Loin, usually pork

Lomo embuchado– Pork loin marinated in vinegar, pimentón and other spices

Lomo de…- Loin of, tenderloin

Longaniza/llonganissa– A thin sausage from Cataluña

Magret de pato– Duck breasts

Magro– Lean (meat)

Manitas de cerdo– Pig’s trotters

Medallon– Beef medallions

Morcilla– Black pudding/sausage made from pig’s blood

Morcón– Blood sausage

Morros– Snout, “face” meat, usually of pork or beef

Mortadela– Fine-ground pork slicing sausage used in sandwiches

Muslo de pollo– Chicken drumstick

Muslo– Drumstick

Oca– Goose

Oreja de cerdo– Pig’s ear

Oveja– Sheep, ewe

Paloma– Pigeon

Panceta– Cured pork belly

Pata negra– The hams produced from it Black hoof pig.

Pato– Duck

Pavo– Turkey

Pechuga de pollo– Chicken breast

Pepitas (trocitos) de pollo– Chicken nuggets

Perdiz– Partridge

Pernil– Pork shoulder

Perro or perrito caliente– Hot dog

Pichon– Small pigeon

Pincho Moruno– Kebab

Poco hecho– Medium rare

Pollo– Chicken

Pollo asado– Roast chicken

Rabo– Ox tail

Res– Beef-as in “carne de res”

Riñon– Kidney

Riñones al Jerez– Kidneys cooked in sherry

Rollito– Roll of meat, cheese, etc

Rosbif– Roast beef, served cold

Salchicha– Sausage for frying, hot dogs

Salchichon– Cold, cured sausage

Sandwich mixto– Grilled ham and cheese

Secreto de Ibérico– Pork loin

Sesos– Brains

Sobrasada– Sausage made from pork, salt & paprika

Solomillo– Filet mignon

Sopa De Cocido– Meat Soup (very watery)

Termino Medio– Medium done

Ternera– Veal

Ternera picada– Minced beef

Tibio– Beef

Tierno– Tender, fresh

Tocino– Bacon

Txistorra, chistorra– Long thin sausage sold in coils, of Basque/Navarrese origin

Venado – Venison

Meat Related > Seafood Related > Veg, Fruits Ect…

Abadejo– Pollack

Almejas– Clams

Anchoa– Anchovies

Anguila– Small eels, often served with scrambled eggs.

Arenque– Herring

Atún– Tuna

Atún blanco– Fresh tuna/ white tuna

Atún Rojo– Red Tuna, better known as Bluefin Tuna.

Bacalao– Cod, usually salted unless fresh.

Berberechos– Cockles

Besugo– Sea bream, porgy

Bocinegro– Sea Bream

Bogavante– Lobster

Bonito del norte– Albacore tuna

Bonito– Skip-jack Tuna

Boquerones– Fresh white anchovies marinated in vinegar

Burro– Grunt

Caballa– Mackerel

Calamar– Squid

Calamari– Classic battered and fried squid

Camarones– These are a mountain of small shrimp still in their shells

Cangrejo– Crab

Caracoles– Snail

Caramujo– Winkle

Cáscaras– Shells

Changurro or txangurro– Spider crab

Cherne– Wreck fish

Chicharro– Blue Jack Mackerel.

Chipirones– Baby squid

Chipirones en su tinta– Baby squid cooked in their own ink

Choco– Cuttlefish

Chopa– Black Sea Bream

Chopitos– Tiny Squid

Cigala– Dublin Bay Prawn or Crayfish

Cigalas– King Prawns

Congrio– Conger Eel

Coquinas– Baby clams

Corvina– Brown Meagre

Dorado– Gilthead Sea Bream.

Empanada de atun– Tuna turnover

Empanada de Bacalao– Cod turnover

Espada– Sword-fish

Fabes con alemuas– Asturian white beans with clams

Gallo– Megrin

Gamba– Prawn, shrimp

Gambas al ajillo– Garlic shrimp fried in garlic and hot peppers

Huevas– Fish eggs, roe

Ibérico– A strain of black hoofed pig, cerdo Ibérico, that dates back to pre-history

Lampuga– Dolphin

Langosta– Spiny lobster

Langostinos– Prawns

Lapas– Limpets

Lenguado– Sole

Lubina– This really is Sea Bass.

Marisco– Shellfish, Seafood

Marmitako– Tuna, potato and greens peppers casserole from the Basque Country

Mejillones– Mussels

Merluza a la sidra- Hake w/garlic & parsley in cider

Merluza a la vizcaina– Hake in oil w/garlic & asparagus

Merluza– Hake

Mero– Dusky Grouper

Mojama– Dry cured salted fish, usually tuna

Navajas                – Razorfish

Nécora– Spider crab

Ostras– Oysters

Paella– A saffron & rice casserole garnished with rabbit, chicken, mussels shell fish dish cooked in a flat shallow pan, also called a Paella. (rice dish from Valencia)

Pampano– Blue Butterfish

Pargo– Common Sea Bream

Percebes– Goose Barnacles

Pescadilla– Small fried fish-whiting

Pescaditos– Whitebait

Pescado– Fish

Pez Espada– Swordfish

Pulpo– Octopus

Pulpo a feira– Gallego specialty, boiled and sliced octopus with cooked potato, olive oil, pimentos, and sea salt, served on a wooden plate

Rabil– Yellowfin Tuna

Rape– Monkfish

Rascacio– Scorpion fish

Raya– Skate

Rodaballo– Turbot

Rubio– Tub Gurnard

Salmón– Salmon, an easy one.

Salmonete– Red Mullet

Salmorejo– Gazpacho thickened with bread

Sama– Red Sea Bream but it might actually be Pink Dentex.

Sardina– Sardines, another easy one.

Sargo– White Sea Bream

Sepia– Cuttlefish

Sopa De Mariscos– Seafood Soup

Sopa De Pescado– Fish Soup

Tollos– Shark

Tortilla de Camornes– Fried shrimp cakes from Andalucia

Tortillita de camaron– Shrimp egg fritters, made with a thin batter and sizzled a la plancha

Trucha– Trout

Urta– Sea bream.

Ventresca– Loin of Albacore tuna

Ventresca de atun/bonito– The belly of the tuna fish

Vieira– Scallops: Not commonly found on Canarian menus and if it is, it’s often frozen.

Vieiras– Gallego term for scallops

Vieja– Parrot Fish, a Tenerife favourite.

Zamburinas– Small scallops

Zarzuela– Spicy, seafood stew

Zurrukutuna– A soup of salt cod, pepper, and egg

Meat Related > Seafood Related > Veg, Fruits Ect…

Aceitunas– Olives

Acelga– Swiss chard

Achicoria– Chicory

Aguacate– Avocado

Ajo– Garlic

Albahaca– Sweet basil

Alcachofas– Artichokes

Alcaparras– Capers

Alubias– Beans grown for drying, can be white, red, or black

Alubias negras– Black beans

Alubias rojas– Kidney beans

Apio– Celery

Arándanos– Cranberries

Azafrán– Saffron

Berenjena– Eggplant, aubergine

Berro– Watercress

Berza– Cabbage

Brócoli– Broccoli

Brotes de ajo– Garlic sprouts

Calabacín– Zucchini

Calabaza– Pumpkin, squash

Calcots– Spring onion (scallion)

Capers– The fruit of the caper bush

Cardo– Cardoon, like a turnip greens

Castaño– Chestnut

Cebolla– Onion

Cebolleta– Shallot

Cerezas– Cherries

Champiñones– Mushrooms

Chirimoyas– Custard Apples

Chive (hierba)- Chive (herb)

Cilantro– Coriander

Ciruela– Plum

Ciruela seca– Dried plum, prune

Ciruela– Plum

Clavo (de olor)- Clove

Cogollo– Lettuce hearts

Col– Cabbage

Coliflor– Cauliflower

Comino– Cumin

Corazones de alcachofas– Artichoke hearts

Dientes de ajo– Cloves of garlic

Endibias– Endives

Eneldo– Dill

Ensalada– Salad

Ensalada de tomate– Tomato salad

Ensalada Mixta- Mixed Salad (With Tuna)

Ensalada verde– Green lettuce

Escalivada– Salad of charcoal-grilled vegetables

Escarola– Endive

Esparragos– Asparagus, green or white

Espinacas– Spinach

Esqueixada– Cold cod salad – Catalunya

Fabada– White beans in tomato sauce with chorizo (hot)

Fava beans– Large, bright-green beans, also known as broad beans

Faves– Broad beans

Frambuesa– Raspberry

Fresa– Strawberry

Frijol– Lima bean

Frutas– Fruit

Garbanzos– Chickpeas

Garrofo– Large flat white bean, used in paella

Girasol– Sunflower

Grelo– Turnip tops/greens

Guayaba– Guava

Guindilla– Small pickled green pepper

Guisantes– Peas

Habas– Broad beans

Habichuelas (Méx) ejote- Green beans

Hierbaluisa– Lemon verbena

Hierbas– Herbs

Higo– Fig

Higo chumbo– Prickly pear

Hinojo– Fennel

Hoja– Leaf

Hortalizas– Vegetables

Judias– White beans, similar to limas

Laurel– Bayleaf

Lechuga– Lettuce

Lentejas– Lentils

Lima– Lime

Limón– Lemon

Limonada– Lemonade

Maíz tierno– Sweet corn

Mandarina– Mandarin orange

Manzana– Apple

Melocoton– Peach

Melón– Melon

Menestra– Spring vegetable medley from Navarra.

Menestra De Verduras– Mixed Vegetables

Menestra– Vegetable stew

Menta– Mint

Mora– Blackberry

Morena– Moray Eel

Nabos– Turnips

Naranja– Orange

Nectarina– Nectarine

Niscalos– Wild mushrooms

Pasa (de uva)- Raisin

Patata frita– French fries

Patatas– Potatoes

Patatas Alioli– Potatoes in Garlic Mayonnaise

Patatas bravas– Spicy, fried potato cubes

Patatas fritas– French-fries

Pepinillo– Pickle

Pepino– Cucumber

Pera– Pear

Perejil– Parsley

Pimiento de Padron– Baby green pepper from Galicia

Pimiento de piquillo– Small, red, peppers with a pointed end.

Pimiento rojo– Red pepper

Pimiento verde– Green pepper

Piña– Pineapple

Piñones– Pine nut

Pintas– Small red beans

Piperrada– Basque dish of peppers (capsicum), tomato, onion, etc.

Pisto– Concentrated version of ratatouille

Pisto Manchego Ratatouille– Sweet Pepper and Aubergine Stew

Plátano– Banana

Pochas– White beans from Navarra

Pomelo– Grapefruit

Potaje– Leek and potato soup, or a similar stew

Pringa– Cabbage, bean, and meat stew typical of Western Asturias

Puerros– Leeks

Rábano– Radish

Romero– Rosemary

Setas– Wild mushrooms

Tomate– Tomato

Trufa– Truffle

Turron– An almond and honey confection of Arab origin.

Uvas pasas– Raisins

Uvas– Grapes

Verduras– Green vegetables

Zanahorias– Carrots

Zorongollo– A Murcian dish of zucchini, onion, and egg

Meat Related > Seafood Related > Veg, Fruits Ect…
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